FEEM working papers "Note di lavoro" series
2013 .081

Climate Variability, Child Labour and Schooling: Evidence on the Intensive and Extensive Margin


Authors: Jonathan Colmer
Series: Climate Change and Sustainable Development
Editor: Carlo Carraro
Keywords: Climate Variability, Child Labour, Schooling
JEL n.: D13, O12, J13, J22, Q54

Abstract

How does future income uncertainty affect child labour and human capital accumulation? Using a unique panel dataset, we examine the effect of changes in climate variability on the allocation of time among child labour activities (the intensive margin) as well as participation in education and labour activities (the extensive margin). We find robust evidence that increased climate variability increases the number of hours spent on farming activities while reducing the number of hours spent on domestic chores, indicating a substitution of time across child labour activities. In addition, we find no evidence of climate variability on enrolment decisions or educational outcomes, suggesting that households may spread the burden of labour across children to minimize its impact on formal education.

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Suggested citation: Colmer, J., (2013), 'Climate Variability, Child Labour and Schooling: Evidence on the Intensive and Extensive Margin', Nota di Lavoro 81.2013, Milan, Italy: Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.

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